Arrom, José Juan.
Certidumbre (Certainty of) de America.
Spanish Edition, 1980. Published by Mario Reguera Gomes, Cuba, La Habana City, 1980.
Although written in Spanish, this book’s contents touches on issues dealing with the American reality and the American man. An excellent representation of the New World Criollo race development. The focuses is on the reality of the Criollo concept, its culture, literature and folklore development. Excellent book to be used with this unit and is available at the Yale Library.
Bernald D’az del Castillo.
The Discovery and Conquest of Mexico—1517-1521.
Edited and published in Mexico by Genaro Garcia. Translated with an introduction and noted by A.P. Maudslay.
Introduction to the American edition by Irving A. Leonard. Farrar, Straus and Ciroux. Excellent reference book. Highly recommended.
Brushwood, John S.
Genteel Barbarism: Experiment in Analysis of Nineteenth Century Spanish Novels.
This book is a collection of novels about the Criollo race and culture development. A good representation of “el Criollismo Concept.” Excellent book to be used with this unit.
Brushwood, John S.
The Spanish American Novel.
A Twentieth Century Survey study. University of Texas Press, Austin and London, 1975.
This book is a good representation of the literature involving the Criollismo concept. High recommended to used with this unit.
The Literary History of Spanish Latin America.
MacMillan Co., 1928.
The author of this book deals with the Criollismo Concept as one of the main issues. Highly recommend this book.
Modern Latin American Literature
. Oxford University Press, London, Oxford, New York, 1983.
This book focuses on the history of the New World from the 19th and 20th centuries. A good representation of this unit’s theme (A New World and the emergence of a New Race) can be found here. Highly recommended for study of this unit.
Garcilaso de la Vega. Royal Commentaries of the Incas and General History of Peru. Translated with an introduction by Harold V. Livermore. University of Texas Press, Austin and London.
González, José Luis.
Literatury Sociedad en Puerto Rico (Literature and Society in Puerto Rico
). Fondo De Cultura Economica, Mexico, 1976.
This book’s contents deals with the first conquest of the Criollo race in the New World. The author focuses on issues dealing with the Criollismo development and how it rapidly spread throughout the Americas. Excellent book to be used as a background information supplement for this unit.
Lambros, Comitas and Lewenthat, David.
Slaves, Freemen, Citizens: West Indian Perspectives
. Anchor Press, New York, 1973.
The author focuses on the slave trade issues of the West Indies region during its colonial development. He also focuses on the Criolo mixed race development that resulted from the slavery trade era. High recommend that this book be used with the studies of this unit.
The Broken Spears: An Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico
. Beacon Press, Mexico, 1962.
Excellent reference material. Highly recommended.
Negro Slavery in Latin America
. English translation by J.W.S. Judge. University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles, 1975.
The author of this book deals with the use of slaves, not only from Africa, but Chinese as well, as plantation laborers during the economic development of the Latin American Colonies. The main focus is given to the issues of Criollo mixed races that developed as a result of the slavery situation. A great book to be used during the study of this unit.
Montaigne, Michel de. Selected Essays. The Charles Cotton, W. Hazlitt Translation. Revised and edited with an introduction by Blanchard Bates of Princeton University. The Modern Library, New York.
An excellent account of the social, culture, and racial might, with main focus on the humanistic and humane confrontations of the New World inhabitants during the early stages of development.
Christopher Columbus: Four Voyages to the New World
. Bilingual Edition, Gloucester, Massachusetts, 1978.
An excellent account of Columbus’ discovery of the New World. Highly recommended for use with this unit.
Souza, Raymond D.
Major Cuban Novelists—Innovation and Tradition.
University of Missouri Press, 1976.
In this book the author focuses on the Criollo concept of the Cubans. Excellent book.
A New History of Spanish America Fiction,
Vol. II. Social Concern, Universalism, and the New World. 1971.
In this book the author presents a collection of chapters dealing with the historical development of Spanish American fiction. He focuses on the Criollo concept, both the natural and physical. Some of the main issues deal with the New World and the emergence of the New Race which is the theme of this unit.
Van den Berghe, Pierre L.
Race and Racism: A Comparative Perspective.
John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1978.
This book’s contents is an overview of the Criollo race and Cultural Pluralism development of the New World. Great book to use during the study of this unit.
Van den Berghe, Pierre L.
Race and Ethnicity. Essays in Comparative Sociology.
Basic Books, Inc., New York, 1970.
The author presents a complete research study on races and ethnicity. The development and discussion of the Criollo races can be found throughout this book. Excellent book to be used with this unit.