# The Atmosphere and the Ocean

## CONTENTS OF CURRICULUM UNIT 94.05.05

## Weather Basics

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## Summary

Again, let the student have fun while they learn.

**
PROBLEM:
**

How do we read a station model?

**
GOAL.
**

Upon completion of this lesson, 80% of the students will be able to:

- 1. identify the weather element on a station model by its’ location.
- 2. plot correctly on the station model the basic element when given and/or measured.

**
PROCEDURE:
**

- 1. Review the seven basic weather elements and the instruments used to measure each
- 2. Review the position of each element on the station model.
- 3. Give students information to plot on the station model.
- 4. Critique results.

**
APPLICATION: (Groups)
**

- 1. For one week, have each group record and plot weather data using their group made instruments and data tables.
- 2. The group will then compare their data with other groups and classes and discuss why the similarities and differences.

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EVALUATION:
**

- 1. Made observations safely using all appropriate senses.
- 2. Observations were quantitatively accurate as possible measurements were labeled properly.
- 3. Used appropriate tools and materials to make observations.
- 4. Data was recorded and organized appropriately and neatly.

**
PROBLEM:
**

Where is the temperature range the greatest, near large bodies of water or inland away from large bodies of water.

**
GOAL:
**

Upon completion of this lesson 90% of the students will be able to explain the role large bodies of water play in climate determination.

**
PROCEDURE:
**

- 1. Use two beakers of equal size and in one beaker place sand and in the other fill with an equal amount of water.
- 2. Record their temperatures.
- 3 Place the two beakers an equal distance from a heat source. Turn on the light.
- 4. Record the temperature every 5 minutes for a total of 20 minutes.
- 5. Turn-off the light and repeat data gathering for another 20 minutes.

**
APPLICATION:
**

- 1. Construct a data table for the heating and cooling data.
- 2. Construct a graph using the results from the data table. Use different colors for the sand and water.
- 3. Make a written summary of this graph.
- 4. Formulate an hypothesis of the original problem

**
EVALUATION
**

1. The hypothesis reflects the observations.

2. The student justifies the hypothesis through thoughtful evaluation of data.