Brave New World: Genetics in the Modern World
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Amino Acids - Building blocks of proteins.
Bioethics – The study of ethical problems in genetics, medicine and agriculture raised by advances in biological research.
Cell- The basic unit of structure in a living thing.
Chromosome- Structure composed mostly of DNA located in the nucleus.
Clone- To make an exact copy of an organism.
DNA- Material inside cells those carries the genetic information. Scientific name: Deoxyribonucleic acid.
Dominant trait- Genetic trait which dominates or prevents the expression of the recessive trait.
Embryo- animal in the early stage of development before birth.
Genes- a segment of a chromosome that carries the genetic information for a single protein or trait.
Genetics- The study of genes and traits.
Genome- Complete set of instructions for making an organism.
Genotype- All the genes one carries; some are not always expressed.
Mitosis- Process in which the nucleus of a cell divides into two nuclei.
Mutation- A random change in the genetic material of an organism.
Nucleotides- Linear arrangement of a base attached to a sugar and a phosphate.
Phenotype- Physical expression of a gene.
Plasmid- A small piece of DNA from a prokaryotic cell that can be used to carry genes from one cell to another.
Prokaryotic- Cell which lacks a nuclear membrane such as bacteria.
Protein- Large molecule composed of amino acids.
Replication- Process by which any entity, such as DNA strands, are duplicated.