Braziel, Donna Evans. "A History of Lynching in the United States." ACLA.net <http://www.umass.edu/complit/aclanet/ACLASyll.html>
King, Gilbert. Devil in the Grove: Thurgood Marshall, the Groveland Boys, and the Dawn of a New America. New York: Harper Perennial, 2013. (Thurmond Marshall's courageous defense of "the Groveland Boys" in the face of a false charge of rape.)
Cutler, Elbert. Lynch-Law: An Investigation Into the History of Lynching in the United States. New York: Longmans, Green & Co., 1905 (A detailed history of lynching, published over a hundred years ago)
Giddings, Paula J. Ida: A Sword Among Lions: Ida B. Wells and the Campaign Against Lynching. New York: Harper Collins, 2009 (about Ida Wells' struggle against lynching)
Allen, James. Without Sanctuary: Lynching Photography In America. (a large collection of lynching photographs, notable for its variety, showing lynchings of Southern blacks, whites in California, and some Hispanic victims. Also has a valuable and graphic written section at the start of the book and photographic notes in the back)
Blackmon, Douglas A. Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II. (How did the South re-enslave blacks after the Civil War? Includes a section on convict leasing.)
Brown v. Mississippi, 279 U.S. 278 (1936) In Brown, the Supreme Court for the first time relied on the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to exclude a confession. In Brown, the coercion and threats involved lynching and torture.
The Dyer Anti-Lynching bill (Failed 1922 attempt to pass a federal law on lynching)
Garland, David. "Penal Excess and Surplus Meaning: Public Torture Lynchings in Twentieth-Century America. "Law and Society Review. Volume 39, No. 4 (2005) (An interpretation of the penal context and meanings of public torture lynchings. This may help explain their "normality." The penal character of these lynchings increased the probability that local (and even national) audiences would tolerate them and thus made them a strategic form of violence in struggles to maintain racial supremacy.)
Gibson, Robert. "The Negro Holocaust: Lynching and Race Riots in the United States, 1880-1950." The Yale New Haven Teachers Institute. /curriculum/units/1979/2/79.02.04.x.html (a valuable resource on the history of lynching, written for the Yale New Haven Teachers Institute)
Gonzalez-Day, Ken. Lynching in the West: 1850-1935. (Accounts of lynching in the United States have primarily focused on violence against African Americans in the South. Ken Gonzales-Day reveals racially motivated lynching as a more widespread practice. His research uncovered 350 instances of lynching that occurred in the state of California between 1850 and 1935. The majority were perpetrated against Latinos, Native Americans, and Asian Americans; more Latinos were lynched in California than were persons of any other race or ethnicity.)
Lingeman, Richard. "Oh Pioneer." The Sunday New York Times Book Review. (May 18, 2008) ("If slavery is America's original sin, lynching is its capital crime." A review of Paula Giddings book on Ida Wells and lynching)
Tolnay, Stuart and E.M Beck, A Festival of Violence: An Analysis of Southern Lychings 1882-1930, Urbana and Chicago, Ill: University of Illinois Press, 1992. (a statistical study of lynching in ten Southern states, investigating its causes; valuable for its quantitative tables. "In addition to the punishment of specific criminal offenders, lynching in the American South had three entwined functions: first, to maintain social order over the black population through terrorism; second, to suppress or eliminate black competitors for economic, political, or social rewards; third, to stabilize the white class structure and preserve the privileged status of the white aristocracy")
Tucker, Linda. "Not Without Sanctuary. Teaching About Lynching." Transformations. Vol. XI, No. 2.