1Misra, Oishee. “MVHS Spanish and French Teachers Implement a Stereotype Unit.” Best of SNO. Accessed July 9, 2021.
2George, Ashley. “Rethinking What Matters: Incorporating Anti-Racism into Teaching.” Language Magazine, June 9, 2020.
3Navarro, Oscar. “We Can’t Do This Alone: Validating and Inspiring Social Justice Teaching through a Community of Transformative Praxis.” Curriculum Inquiry 48, no. 3 (2018): 335–58.
4Parlez vous français? Decifering the meaning of Francophonie today. Retrieved from Africa today
5Globalising The French Language: Neo-Colonialism Or Development? Chidozie, Felix Chidozie Department of Political Science and International Relations, College of Development Studies, School of Social Sciences, Covenant University
6The Ongoing Relationship Between France and its Former African Colonies. IJ Benneyworth
7Macron's French language crusade bolsters imperialism – Congo novelist
This article is more than 3 years old
Club of French-speaking countries needs total overhaul, says novelist Alain Mabanckou
8Through political, security, economic and cultural connections, France has attempted to maintain a hegemonic foothold in Francophone Africa, both to serve its interests and maintain a last bastion of prestige associated with a legacy of past mastery.
9Hassa, Samira. “Selected Proceedings of the 2011 AATF Convention.” In Teaching La Francophonie, n.d.
10Hassa, Samira. “Selected Proceedings of the 2011 AATF Convention.” In Teaching La Francophonie, n.d.
12Khapoya, Vincent. African Experience. Routledge, 2017.
13Chafer, Tony. The End of Empire in French West Africa: France's Successful Decolonization? Oxford: Berg, 2002.
14YouTube. (2014). Colonisation, décolonisation : Le cas français Doc. YouTube.
15François Camille Ferry (French: 5 April 1832 – 17 March 1893) was a French statesman and republican. He was one of the leaders of the Moderate Republicans and served as Prime Minister of France from 1880 to 1881 and 1883 to 1885. He was a promoter of laicism and colonial expansion. A History of Western Society, Seventh Edition. John Buckler, Bennett D. Hill, John P. McKay
16YouTube. (2014). Colonisation, décolonisation : Le cas français Doc. YouTube.
18French as a tool for colonialism: aims and consequences Anne Judge, University of Surrey
19Imineo Documentaires. (2021). François 1er, le grand roi (épisode 1) : Le roi de la renaissance.
20Sesan, Johnson M. “Major Features of the Policy of Assimilation as Practiced in the Four Communes of Senegal.” Academia.edu. Accessed June 8, 2021.
21(Note 1, on African Series sample documents Volume IX: June 1921.W.E.B. Du Bois to Charles Evans Hughes, June 23 1921.
23Wesley Johnson, Jr. ‘The Emergence of Black politics in Senegal: The Struggle for Power in the Four communes’, 1900-1920 (1972
24Toure, M.-K. (2020, February 6). Four Communes of Senegal (1887-1960) •. •.
25The French Model of Assimilation and Direct Rule - Faidherbe and Senegal –
26Sesan, Johnson M. “Major Features of the Policy of Assimilation as Practiced in the Four Communes of Senegal.” Academia.edu. Accessed June 8, 2021.
27The Legacy of French colonial psychiatry. Africa as Country
28The ongoing relationship between France and its former African colonies
29Colonisation, décolonisation : Le cas français Doc
30The Four Communes of Senegal in French West Africa, Gorée, Dakar, Rufisque, and Saint-Louis, were the only places during the African Colonial period, where African inhabitants were granted the same rights as French Citizens.
31Colonisation, décolonisation : Le cas français Doc
32La Négritude, UNE LITTÉRATURE DE COMBAT
33La Négritude, UNE LITTÉRATURE DE COMBAT
34David Rumsey Colonial Senegal Maps