(Call-and-Response), tracking the development of “Call and Response” in traditional drum songs from Africa of the 1500’s.
For students to recognize and identify the use of “Call and Response” and its’ history in music such as the Blues, Rap music, early Black Spirituals and Jazz.
pencils with eraser or dowels (two sticks per student). Hands can also be used instead of pencils or sticks. A hard surface such as a desk top or table.
any type of small portable drum, (for those students that do not have use of their hands and feet, the teacher might use an electronic source that can be used or activated by either eye movement or the mouth).
Cow Bell, two toned if possible.
A picture of a family of African Drums
a recording of West African Drum songs.
Note to Teachers: start off the lesson with each student bringing pencils, sticks to their places, if you are using them. Tell the students that this week we are going to learn about “Call and Response” and its history”.
Day One: today we are going to learn “Historical Facts about Call and Response”. Tell the students “when you take notes, they should look like the following pages”, (see section in lesson two, students will have a worksheet where they can record their notes ).