Authors often use similes to compare two things to make their writing more detailed and interesting and to help readers make visual images in his or her head while they are reading. A simile is defined as a figure of speech that compares two objects using like or as, for example, she is as red as a rose. The objects being compared are not similar except in one respect. The girl and the rose are unlike except they share a blushing quality. This simile creates a visual image in the reader’s head on how red the girl actually was. The reader will create this visual image based on the reader’s prior knowledge of what shade of red a rose is. The focus of this lesson is to have the students utilize similes in their writing to create comparisons in the reader’s mind through description.
I will begin the lesson by writing the word
on the board and asking the students to tell me if the word
is descriptive, “Does the word tell you anything about the boy? How he looks... etc.” Then I will have the students begin to describe the boy by prompting responses through questioning. For example, how big he is, or what color hair does he have, and so on. As the teacher, I will list the descriptions given by the students under the word
on the board.
After all the class descriptions have been given, I will instruct the students to work in groups of two and compare the descriptions/characteristics given on the board to other things. The example of this I will offer the students will be a model of a simile; the boy’s eyes were as brown as chocolate. The students will continue to do this until all the descriptions given by the students that are listed on the board have been compared, that is, each description is now in the form of a simile.
Next, each pair of students will be given a sheet of white chart paper. They will list the similes they came up with to describe the boy. Each pair of students will share their similes with the class. At the conclusion of the lesson, the students will reflect in their writer’s logs.
Students will define and provide examples for simile. Students will also be asked to reflect on why using similes in writing is important.