# Anatomy, Health, and Disease: From the Skeletal System to Cardiovascular Fitness

## CONTENTS OF CURRICULUM UNIT 12.03.03

- Rationale
- Lack of Physical Activity in the School Day
- Teaching Strategies: Introduction to New Material
- Teaching Strategies: Exploration of New Material
- Human Anatomy
- The Skeleton System
- Math Activity – Skeletal System Calculations
- Math Activity – Foot to Height Ratios
- Math Activity – Crime Scene Investigation
- The Muscular System
- Math Activity – Angles of Contraction
- The Cardiovascular System
- Thyroid Gland
- The American Diet
- Importance of Nutrition
- Calories Expended
- Body Mass Index
- Math Activity – Create a Graph Using Bmi Data
- Lessons
- Websites for Students
- Short Films & Documentaries
- Bibliography
- Appendix
- Images
- Endnotes

### Unit Guide

## Understanding the Effects of Diet and Fitness on the Human Body through Mathematical Equations and Statistical Analysis on Calorie Intake and Calories Expended

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## Appendix

**
Unit Objectives
**

· Engage in meaningful conversation about the human body, shape, and form · Develop an understanding of bone formation and bone structure · Develop recognition and understanding of muscular formation · Appreciate the many uses of muscle · Strategize about the most efficient and effective way to create a healthy lifestyle · Discuss and plan a healthy diet · Breakdown common meals and food groups into carbohydrates, fats, and proteins · Understand the basic components of exercise · Create a healthy and manageable fitness plan · Recognize and understand the effects of poor nutrition and diet on the body and brain · Create tables and graphs using Microsoft Excel · Analyze single and double line graphs · Manipulate Microsoft Excel charts and graphs to create linear regressions · Solve y=mx+b equations using basic algebra skills · Analyze hypothetical scenarios involving poor and exemplary diets · Understand that food is the body's energy source, measured in calories · Appreciate the relationship between healthy diet and exercise and cardiovascular risk reduction · Convert kilograms to pounds using a simple algebraic formula ·

**Common Core Standards**

Ratios and Proportional Relationships

· 6.RP.1 Understand the concept of a ration and use ratio language to describe a ratio between two quantities · 6.RP.2 Understand the concept of a unit rate · 6.RP.3 Use ratio and rate reasoning to solve real-world and mathematical problems The Number System

· 6.NS.8 Solve real-world and mathematical problems by graphing points in all four quadrants - Expressions & Equations

· 6.EE.1 Write and evaluate numerical expressions involving whole-number exponents · 6.EE.2 Write, read, and evaluate expressions in which letters stand for numbers · 6.EE.3 Apply the properties of operations to generate equivalent expressions · 6.EE.4 Identify when two expressions are equivalent · 6.EE.5 Understand solving an equation or inequality as a process of answering a question · 6.EE.6 Use variables to represent numbers and write expressions when solving a real-world or mathematical problem · 6.EE.7 Solve real-world and mathematical problems by writing and solving equations of the form x + p = q and px = q for cases in which p, q, and x are all nonnegative rational numbers · 6.EE.9 Use variables to represent two quantities in a real-world problem that change in relationship to one another; write an equation to express one quantity