# Anatomy, Health, and Disease: From the Skeletal System to Cardiovascular Fitness

## CONTENTS OF CURRICULUM UNIT 12.03.03

- Rationale
- Lack of Physical Activity in the School Day
- Teaching Strategies: Introduction to New Material
- Teaching Strategies: Exploration of New Material
- Human Anatomy
- The Skeleton System
- Math Activity – Skeletal System Calculations
- Math Activity – Foot to Height Ratios
- Math Activity – Crime Scene Investigation
- The Muscular System
- Math Activity – Angles of Contraction
- The Cardiovascular System
- Thyroid Gland
- The American Diet
- Importance of Nutrition
- Calories Expended
- Body Mass Index
- Math Activity – Create a Graph Using Bmi Data
- Lessons
- Websites for Students
- Short Films & Documentaries
- Bibliography
- Appendix
- Images
- Endnotes

### Unit Guide

## Understanding the Effects of Diet and Fitness on the Human Body through Mathematical Equations and Statistical Analysis on Calorie Intake and Calories Expended

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## Math Activity – Skeletal System Calculations

Remember that the femur is approximately one-forth of a person's height. Students should be able to use the following equations to fill in the missing measurements. (Round answers to the nearest unit). Students will begin by calculating the length of the femur given the height of the person, then they will use the reverse formula to find the height of a person given the length of the femur.

Mass of femur = (Total mass of person) / 5

Total mass of person = (Mass of femur) x 5