# Elements of Architecture

## Geometric Shapes in Architecture

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## STUDENT READING LIST

*Practical Problems in Mathematics for Masons*. Albany, New York. Delmar Publishers, 1973. Has a good review of fundamental operations involving whole numbers, fractions and decimals. Units on perimeter, area and volume are included. The application of mathematics in building walls, piers, pilasters, columns, stairs, walks, and driveways is explained. Diagrams of floor plans of buildings are shown.

Diggins, Julia E.
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String, Straightedge and Shadow
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. New York: The Viking Press, 1965. This book reveals how men discovered basic principles and constructions of elementary geometry more than 2000 years ago by using three simple tools—string, straightedge, and shadow.

Hammett, Ralph W.
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Architecture in the United States
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A
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Survey
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of
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Architectural Styles Since 1776
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. _ John Wiley and Sons, 1976. New York A history of the evolution of architecture in the United States. Included are outstanding examples of each style of architecture as representative of the society of each era. Nicely illustrated.

Jurgensen, Ray C. and Brown, diehard G.
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Basic Geometry
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. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1978. An excellent text for lower level high school geometry courses. Chapters 5, 6, 9, and 10 discuss polygons, areas, circles, and volumes of solids.

Levine, Samuel.
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Vocational and Technical Ma
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th
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ematics in Action
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. Rochelle Park, New Jersey: Hayden Book Company, Incorporated, 1969. A book on mathematics for students of trade subjects. book covers selected mathematical concepts and skills required for competency in solving trade problems.

Morgan, Frank, and Zartman, Jane.
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Geometry
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:
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Plane-Solid Coordinate
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. Boston, et al: Houghton-Mifflin Company, 1968. An excellent high school textbook for use in college preparatory geometry classes. The use of geometric figures as bases for design in architecture is described.

Reichgott, David, and Spiller, Lee R.
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Today’s Geometry
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. New York: Prentice-Hall, Incorporated, 1940. An excellent textbook written primarily for the student who wants to use geometry in the world of work. Formal demonstration is kept at a minimum. Many historical and cultural sidelights and explanations of methods applying to geometry in industry are found throughout the book.