# Elements of Architecture, Part II

## CONTENTS OF CURRICULUM UNIT 84.01.08

## Elementary Analysis and Design in Architecture

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Lesson
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Plans
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Lesson I
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Objective:
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Students will be able to recognize and draw the basic symbols used in floor plans.

- Lesson Outline:.
- 1. Describe to students what a floor plan is.
- 2. Explain what each symbol is in a floor plan and why.
- 3. Copy Worksheet #1 and give to each student.
- 4. After a review is given on the symbols, quiz the students by asking them to draw each symbol.

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Lesson II
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Objective:
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Students will be able to read and use a scale ruler.

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Lesson Outline:
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- 1. Review the floor plan symbols.
- 2. Teach the concept of proportion used in floor plans.
- 3. Copy Worksheet #2 and give to each student.
- 4. Students should cut out each scale ruler. (Students can tape the strip over their standard rulers for temporary use.)
- 5. Direct the students to practice using proportions and measuring by drawing squares and rectangles. Using each scale draw a 3’ square and a 4’ by 6’ rectangle.
- 6. Discuss which scale makes the drawing either larger or smaller and why.

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Lesson III
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Objective:
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Students will be able to read a floor plan of a house.

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Lesson Outline:
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- 1. Copy Worksheet #3, page 1 and 2, and give to each student.
- 2. Review measuring with the scale 1/8” = I’.
- 3. Explain how the symbols and proportions previously learned in Lessons I and II work together in this floor plan. (Worksheet #3)
- 4. Measure length and width of the walls and openings.
- 5. Answer the questions on measurements and symbols on the bottom of Worksheet #3, page 2.

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Lesson IV
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Objective:
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Students will be able to read and measure a floor plan of an apartment and an interior elevation.

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Lesson Outline:
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- 1. Copy Worksheet #4, page 1 and 2, and give to each student.
- 2. Measure and label dimensions of each room and hall on page 1.
- 3. Explain what an interior elevation is and how it is similar to a floor plan. (page 2)
- 4. Look at the interior elevation and show the students the wall it is an elevation of. Notice the AA on both the elevation and floor plan to show the correct position.
- 5. Have the students answer the measurement questions on the interior elevation using their scale rulers.

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Lesson V
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Objective:
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Students will be able to choose a practical or esthetic design after reading a floor plan and elevation.

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Lesson Outline:
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- 1. Review Worksheet #4, page 1 and 2.
- 2. Review the list of
ProposalsforNewConditionsorDesignsmentioned earlier in the unit.- 3. Decide what you would like to add to the apartment such as a window or skylight.
- 4. Copy Worksheet #5 and give to each student.
- 5. Choose one of the examples or think of your own and decide on the location.
- 6. Write a short descriptive narrative on why a particular design was chosen.
- 7. Draw the design to scale in the proper location, elevation drawing.
- 8. Construct a simple model using graph paper.

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Lesson VI
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Objective:
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Students will be able to analyze their house, apartment, or room through making and studying their own floor plans.

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lesson Outline:
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- 1. Review how to make measurements with a ruler, yardstick, or other measuring device.
- 2. Explain how to estimate to the nearest 6” or 12”.
- 3. Students should sketch the basic interior outline of their house, apartment, or room to use for measurements.
- 4. Direct students to measure length and width of walls and openings. Suggest to start in the corners and measure to each opening and then record measurement to the closest 6” or 12”.
- 5. Draw the sketch to scale using the measured dimensions.
- 6. Analyze the floor plans according to the list
AnalysisandReworkingofExistingConditionspreviously mentioned. This will help in the proposal for a new design.

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Lesson VII
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Objective:
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Students will be able to propose new conditions from their analysis of their own floor plans from Lesson VI.

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Lesson Outline:
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- 1. Discuss possible designs and review Worksheet #5 for ideas.
- 2. Propose a new design according to the list
ProposalsforNewConditionsorDesignspreviously mentioned within the unit.

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Worksheet #1
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(Figure available in print form)

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Worksheet #2
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(Figure available in print form)

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Worksheet #3—Page 1
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(Figure available in print form)

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Worksheet #3—Page 2
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(Figure available in print form)

1. What is the dimension of the smallest bedroom? (length and width)

2. What is the dimension of the largest room? (length and width)

3. How many windows are on the first floor?

4. Which room is 4, X 8,?

5. How many sinks are in the house?

6. What is the dimension of the fireplace? (length and width)

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Worksheet #4—Page 1
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(Figure available in print form)

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Worksheet #4—Page 2
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(Figure available in print form)

1. What is the height of the door?

2. What is the height of the ceiling at the lowest point? highest point?

3. How far is it from A to A?

4. How wide is the door?

5. What is the height of the ceiling on both sides of the door entrance?

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Worksheet #5
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(Figure available in print form)

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location
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—living room

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ventilation
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—front rectangular window can open with a latch

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lighting
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—Sea Gull 6199-31 with a clear glass globe, 60 watt bulb, or similar style