In science, students are required to be able to observe and describe differences between living and nonliving things in terms of growth, offspring and need for energy from "food" and to make scientific observations using their five senses and distinguish between an object's observable properties and its name or its uses. Students will discuss how living and non-living things affect a habitat and its inhabitants. Students will observe the changes that occur as bacteria grow and water evaporates.
In writing the students are required to learn to write what they "see", include words that describe what they smell and taste, and organize their writing in sequential order so it makes sense to the reader. Students will use pictures and words or sentences to describe the changes they see over time with the bacterial growth in the Winogradsy Column and the weathering of rocks.