The NGSS standards that are utilized in the personalized health unit begin with the science and engineering practices taken from nextgenscience.org appendix F. Asking questions and defining problems are at the core of this unit. Developing and using models are part of the prototype design. Analyzing and interpreting data is part of the research and statistical analysis of major health problems. Using mathematical and computational thinking occurs during the computational design and cost analysis. Constructing explanations and designing solutions is consistently practiced throughout the unit. Engaging in argument from evidence and communicating information are both science and engineering practices that will be used when presenting their solutions during ‘Shark Tank’.
The NGSS standards for disciplinary core ideas are all from the engineering, technology and applied science performance expectations. HS-ETS1-1 Analyze a major global challenge to specify qualitative and quantitative criteria and constraints for solutions that account for societal needs and wants. HS-ETS1-2 Design a solution to a complex real-world problem by breaking it down into smaller, more manageable problems that can be solved through engineering. HS-ETS1-3 Evaluate a solution to a complex real-world problem based on prioritized criteria and trade-offs that account for a range of constraints, including cost, safety, reliability, and aesthetics, as well as possible social, cultural, and environmental impacts. HS-ETS1-4 Use a computer simulation to model the impact of proposed solutions to a complex real-world problem with numerous criteria and constraints on interactions within and between systems relevant to the problem.
The NGSS standards for cross cutting concepts in the personalized health unit are taken from the nextgenscience.org appendix G. Observing patterns to formulate relationships with data and the use of biomimicry to solve problems. Cause and effect concepts will be represented in multiple unit activities. The concept of systems and system models is very important in the personalized health unit because it allows the students to visualize the entire impact of their innovation. Structure and function cross cutting concept is vital to the biotechnology and understanding the intricate components to both the problem and the solution.