Bhavnani, Kum-Kum, et al, Climate Futures: Reimagining Global Climate Justice, London: Zed Books Ltd, 2019. Powerful collection of essays that reframe the dominant narratives related to the climate crisis and focus on indigenous and feminist solutions.
Douglas, Emory, MOMA, The Black Panther Newspapers, 1969.
Du Bois, W.E.B., “Reflections upon The Housatonic River,” 1930, published by The Berkshire Edge, 3 April 2016. This speech is referenced by Frazier in her photography and provides insightful historical context for the Black environmental movement.
Dress Code, “Emory Douglas: The Art of The Black Panthers,” May 2015. This is a brief, engaging and accessible documentary about the life and work of Emory Douglas.
First International Conference of Negro Writers and Artists, Presence Africaine, September 1956.
Furtado, Will, America Latina, “Inventing Your Own Game - Maren Hassinger: ‘We Are Not Alive to Make Money’” 4 Nov 2019.
Frazier, LaToya Ruby, Artist’s Statement, “Ten Contemporary Artists Explore the legacy of W.E.B. Du Bois in Our Time,” UMass Amherst, Fine Arts Center, 2013.
Frazier, LaToya Ruby, 2021. The artist’s website is useful for accessing her work.
Harjo, Joy, An American Sunrise Poems, New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2019. Contains both original work and a curation of relevant poems that center the creativity, suffering, and strength that has been a part of Native Americans history.
Hassinger, Maren, Leaning, New York: MOMA, 1980. Both the images of her art and a clip to a brief interview are found on this website.
Holleman, Hannah, “De-naturalizing Ecological Disaster: Colonialism, Racism, and the Global Dust Bowl of the 1930s” The Journal of Peasant Studies 44(1): 234-60, 2017. After taking a seminar with Professor Holleman, the role of soil and the history and limits of conversation as a result of imperialism became much clearer.
Huq, Adrian, Connecticut Peace Conference Presentation, January 2021. A current college student, Adrian is a graduate of NHPS and a leader with the New Haven Climate Movement and New Haven Peace Commission. They have been pivotal in pushing New Haven Public Schools to embrace the Climate Justice Schools Initiative and embed more climate focused curriculum for all grade levels and subject areas.
Kahiu,Wanuri, Pumzi, https://vimeo.com/46891859, 2010.
Kahn, Mattie, “Flint is Family,” Elle Magazine, 8 Aug 2016. Elle Magazine hired LaToya Ruby Frazier to shoot this photo essay about the Flint Water Crisis.
Iheka, Cajetan, Naturalizing Africa: Ecological Violence, Agency, and Postcolonial Resistance in African Literature, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017. While Professor Iheka focused on literature, his writing about Wangari Maathai helped me to effectively include a close reading of the film Pumzi in this unit.
Lescaze, Zoë, “LaToya Ruby Frazier, American Witness,” The New York Times, 1 March 2021.
McKinley, Angelica, and Giovanni Russonello, “Fifty Years Later, Black Panthers’ Art Still Resonates,” The New York Times, 15 Oct 2016.
National Museum of Woman in the Arts, Maren Hassinger on Wrenching News (2008), YouTube, 2017. This YouTube video features the artist discussing her motivation, approach and methodology for this piece.
National Priorities Project, “The Pentagon Increase is the Size of the Entire CDC Budget,” 14 May 2021 and “President Biden's FY 2022 Budget Request,” 11 June 2021.
Nenquimo, Nemonte, “This is my message to the western world – your civilisation is killing life on Earth,” The Guardian, 12 Oct 2020.
Nunez, Christina, “Carbon dioxide levels are at a record high. Here's what you need to know,” National Geographic, 13 May 2019.
Satgar, Vishwas, The Climate Crisis: South African and Global Democratic Eco-Socialist Alternatives, Johannesburg: Wits University Press, 2018. This book is accessible for free online and discusses the failure of capitalism to address the issues of climate crisis.
Scott, Dread, “Counter Currents: Dread Scott on Emory Douglas,” Walker Art, 14 Jan 2016. This radical contemporary Black artist provides important insight and analysis on the life and work of Emory Douglas.
Zomorodi, Manoush, et al, “LaToya Ruby Frazier: What Is the Human Cost of Toxic Water and Environmental Racism?” TED Radio Hour, NPR News, 7 Aug 2020. The TED Talk featured in this article provides audiences with an opportunity to hear directly from LaToya Ruby Frazier.
Teacher and Student Resources
The resources that will be most useful for teachers and students are those that link directly to art and interviews with the artists.
- Wanuri Kahiu’s short speculative fiction film, Pumzi
- Maren Hassinger’s work on the MOMA website
- LaToya Ruby Frazier’s website, short film, TED Talk, features on New York Times and Elle Magazine
- Emory Douglas’ work on the MOMA website, as well as his recent lecture, a short documentary film about him, and a feature in the New York Times
The following sites, in addition to the sources listed in the bibliography and endnotes, will be useful as students work to develop background knowledge about the climate crisis and military spending:
- Climate Health Education Project, climateeducationnh.org
- Elliot Negin, “It’s Time to Rein in Inflated Military Budgets,” Scientific American, 14 Sept 2020.
- National Geographic, Climate 101, nationalgeographic.com/environment/article/global-warming-overview
- National Priorities Project, nationalpriorities.org