# The Craft of Word Problems

## CONTENTS OF CURRICULUM UNIT 04.05.02

- Purpose of Unit
- Introduction and Rationale
- New Haven Public Schools Mathematics Standards
- Unit Objectives
- Whole Class Interaction
- Discussion
- Guided Practice
- Independent Practice
- Lesson Plan Timeline
- Bibliography for Teachers
- Student Resources
- Materials for Classroom Use
- Appendix A
- Appendix B
- Appendix C
- Appendix D
- Appendix E
- Appendix F
- Appendix G
- Appendix H
- Appendix I
- Notes

### Unit Guide

## Developing Word Problems: A Student’s Task

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## New Haven Public Schools Mathematics Standards

In reading, evaluating, solving, and creating the problems incorporated in this unit student will be able to complete the following:

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1.0 -
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Students will work comfortably and confidently within the real number system and operations.

- 1.0.b. - Students will add, i.e. join things together, increase.
1.0.d.- Students will multiply, i.e. use repeated addition, count by multiples, combine things that come in groups.1.0.f. -Students will analyze problem situations and contexts in order to figure out when to add, subtract, multiply and divide

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5.2 -
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Students will participate in the formulation of problems.

- 5.2.a. - Students will make decisions about the approach, materials, and strategies to use.
5.2.b. -Students will use previously learned strategies, skills, knowledge, and concepts to make decisions.5.2.c. -Students will use strategies, such as using manipulatives or drawing sketches, to model problems.5.2.e -Students will extract pertinent information from situations and figure out what additional information is needed.

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5.3 -
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Students will make the basic choices involved in planning and carrying out a solution.

- 5.3c. - Students will solve problems in ways that make sense and explain why these ways make sense, e.g. defend the reasoning, and explain the solution.
5.3.d. -Students will write problems to a given number sentence.

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5.4 -
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Students will move beyond a particular problem by making connections, extensions, and/or generalizations.

- 5.4.a. - Students will explain a pattern that can be used in similar situations.
5.4.b. -Students will explain how the problem is similar to other problems they have solved.