Oil and gas are our primary source of energy and has been around for quite some time. Through research, oil and gas as a source of energy is developed into a unit that may be used in grades seven through nine science classes. The length of the unit should be two wells. The unit will address itself toward the explanation of how oil and gas was formed, prospecting for oil, oil and gas supply and demand, oil consumption, oil production primary, secondary, and tertiary recovery, refining of oil, transportation of oil and gas, oil pollution, how long will oil last, and where gas is found. Included are also a career, lesson plans, experiment, a reading list for students and teacher, vocabulary list and a bibliography.
Oil and gas are commodities that are used worldwide. There is a tremendous variety in the usage of oil and gas. As a result many questions have arisen in the minds of the consumers.
When we think of oil we mostly think of gasoline for cars or a lubricant, but oil is used all around us in a variety of things. Crude oil can be refined and made into many products. It provides large amounts of fertilizer for plants, synthetic fibers, and plastics. A lot of things in our every day life are made of oil. If we did away with oil we would have to get rid of a lot of the clothes that we wear, paints, plastic pan handles, detergents, road surface material, just to mention a few. Oil is used in many things that we take for granted.
Scientist believe that after millions of years of heat and pressure being applied to prehistoric sea animals and plants being trapped in sediments, change them to crude oil and natural gas.
Oil is made up of hydrocarbons which are chemical compounds of hydrogen and carbon.